courtesy: Tohnichi Mfg Co
The word ‘torque’ generally means the ‘twisting moment’ or ‘turning moment’ and is widely used as an engineering term. However, torque meant ‘necklace’ in ancient times. The Celts, who overran much of ancient Europe, wore this type of unique ornament around their necks as a symbol of nobility and as a good luck charm for when going into battle.
The word ‘torque’ comes from the days of ancient Rome: the Romans described the Celtic necklaces as twisted and spiral, using the Latin word ‘torquere’, meaning ‘twisted and screw-shaped’. The spiral pattern was a sacred symbol of the soul for the Celts and these personal ornaments came to represent the enemies of the Romans.
Today, torque does not refer to twisted Celtic necklaces, of course. Instead ‘torque’ indicates the degree of screw and bolt tightening and the rotational force of engines. The purpose of the twisting is no longer to create a good luck charm for battle, but torque still carries with it the attraction of safety and power.
– Mayumi Tsuruoka, Professor at Tama Art University (formerly Professor at Ritsumeikan University)